Thursday, June 11, 2020

Fitra

What is fitra 

                 

Fitra is given after the completion of Ramadan, that is, Eid's moon.  It is a kind of Sadka (charity) which is a duty on every Muslim whether it is a child, old man, woman or girl.  Every Muslim should be fit.
Fitra is the amount that the people of wealthy families give to the financially weak people.  It is necessary to perform it before the Eid prayers.  The amount of Fitra is also given to the poor, widows and orphans and all the needy.The big difference between zakat and fitra is that paying zakat is as important as fasting and praying, but giving fitra is not necessary under Islam. it is decided to pay 2.5 per cent in zakat while there is no limit for fitra.  Man can give as much fitra according to his status.

 When should the fitra be given-

Fitra should be taken out after the moon of Eid appears.  The earliest time to get it out, which is mentioned in the hadiths, is that "Fitra is from the appearance of the moon of Eid to Tuluhe-Fajr (i.e. the time of Fajr is over)."  The fitra given after this is seen as a common charity.  So it is best that you should give Fitra after the moon of Eid appears. This is the best.      Zakat al-Fitr should be given in the form of food as the prophet did.

The amount of Zakat is the same for everyone regardless of how wealthy they are.

Every adult Muslim who possesses food in excess of his needs and those of their family must pay Zakat al-Fitr.

About 2kg of flour, wheat, barley or rice from each person in a household is the minimum amount of Zakat that can be offered.

Per head, that is about £6 each. Zakat helps the circulation of wealth in the Islamic society, the rich are out in contact with the poor and the poor are connecting with the extremely poor.

The new relationships help build bonds within the community, and makes people who have something to give to be generous to the people who have very little.

The main purpose of Fitra-

The main purpose of Fitrah is to provide those who fasted with the means of making up for their errors during the month of fasting, thereby purifying their Ramadan fast. Fitrah also provides the poor with a means with which they can celebrate with dignity the Eid-ul-Fitr festival that concludes the end of Ramadan together with the rest of the community.  

Ibn Abbas reported, "The Prophet (SAW) made Fitrah compulsory so that those who fasted may be purified of their idle deeds and shameful talk (committed during Ramadan) and so that the poor may be fed. Whoever gives it before Eid prayer will have it accepted as Zakat, while he who gives it after the prayer has given Sadaqah." [Abu Dawood 2: 421 (1605)]

 Hence, the goal of Fitrah is the spiritual development of the Believers. By making them give up some of their wealth, the believers are taught the higher moral characteristics of generosity, compassion (sympathy for the less fortunate), gratitude to God and the righteousness. But, since Islam does not neglect human material needs, part of the goal of Fitrah is the welfare of the poorer members of society.  Fitrah effects a circulation of wealth within society. Each individual is required to calculate how much charity is due from himself and his dependents, and consider who in the community at large are in need of such charity. Thus, Fitrah contributes to developing “compassion with action” towards the needy. Bonds of love, brotherhood and sisterhood, across levels of society are thereby built.

 

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